Hall of Fame and Remembrance
There are many to remember and there are many of Ostoja's that served Poland in exceptional way. Each Ostoja family have their own heroes, here below are those that we all should remember as they represent all that the Clan of Ostoja was in the past and will do so in the future.
"Heavy hussars of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth" - Pride of Poland and the Commonwealth, the husaria banners or companies were considered the elite of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cavalry.
They were widely regarded as the most powerful cavalry formation in the world. Polish Hussars were undefeated in battle for over 100 years often against forces sometimes 5 times bigger. Ostoja's participated in all those battles and also saved Vienna from the Ottoman's in 1683. In many cases, Ostoja's where the commanders of elite Hussar unites being Rittmeister's, which was the most honorable and respected position in Polish-Lithuanian army in the history.
In the battles of Lubiszew in 1577, Byczyna (1588), Kokenhausen (1601), Kircholm (1605), Kłuszyn (1610), Chocim (1621), Martynów (1624), Trzciana (1629), Ochmatów (1644), Beresteczko (1651), Połonka (1660), Cudnów (1660), Chocim (1673), and Lwów (1675), Vienna (1683), Párkány (1683) the Polish-Lithuanian hussars proved to be the decisive factor often against overwhelming odds. For instance, in the Battle of Kluszyn during the Polish-Muscovite War the Russians outnumbered the Commonwealth army 5 to 1, yet were heavily defeated.
In the battle of Żółte Wody, the 1500 man strong army of Stefan Potocki containing less than 200 hussars faced 12.000 man strong army of Chmielnicki and due to heroic battle of the hussars, amry could hold possition for 18 days, although attacked 24 hours a day! Due to error of hetman Potocki, Stefan Potocki's father, main forces did never come to rescue in time. In some publications or films it is written that polish hussars where heavily defeated in this battle. Nothing could be more wrong!
The Hussar banner's was elite force of the nobility of the Commomwelath and the place in those formations was almost always reserved to the nobility. However, in Battle of Vienna, several persons of non-noble origin where admitted to join the force as they where professionally trained for this kind of mission. To serve in Husaria was therefore also a way to receive nobility.
In 1776, the duties and traditions of the Hussar's were passed on to the Uhlans by a parliamentary decree. The end of Hussar's was also the end of Poland and the Commonwealth. Hussar's stand for moral that was the mainstay of the nation. When the moral was gone, Hussar's could not exist anymore and where thereofre replaced.
Halina de Krepy - the legend
In the year of the Lord 1270, legendary doughter to castellan Piotr Krepy that was defeated and killed by Tatar's during their invasion, succeeded to fool and trap Tatars in their next attempt to burn down Sandomierz and, scarifying own life for the Town and the people.
The Duke of av Lviv 1370, created great line of the Clan of Ostoja.
The Lord of Regality of Inowrocław och Krzepice and comes urbis of Wielun. Legendary Knight in the Castel of Bleszno.
Greatest Lord of Ostoja in the medieval time, the Duke of Transylvania, Prince of Halicz, Palatine of Trencin, Nitra and Bratislava, Lord of 31 castles and around 300 proprieties, altogether half of western Slovakia, Lord and owner of whole 406 km long river Vah. Great general and diplomat, saved Poland during the time of war with Teutonic Knights. Richest and most influential person in the history of the Clan of Ostoja and also one of the richest and most influential persons in Polish history. Read more
Ścibor ze Ściborzyc - książę halicki, wojewoda Siedmiogrodu, ispan Pozsonu, Nitry i Trencina. Największa postać średniowiecznej Polski, jeden z najbardziej wpływowych i najbogatszych osób w Europie swojego czasu. Pan na 31 zamkach, jego włości obejmowały cała rzekę Wagu, łącznie był w posiadaniu połowy zachodniej Słowacji. Czytaj wiecej
Together with Duke Jan of Jani of Ostoja and Duke Nikolaus Szarlejski de Stiboricz formed coalition to win the stronghold of Malbork (Marieburg) for Poland. Great diplomat, Lord of Greater Poland, Lord of Regality of Malbork.
The Duke of Gdańsk and Pomerelia 1454, married to sister of Nikolaus Szarlejski of Stiboricz and joined the Clan of Ostoja. Formed coalition with Nikolaus Szarlejski of Stiboricz and Stibor of Poniec
Nikolaus Szarlejski of Stiboricz (1400–1457)
In coalition with Jan of Janie and Stibor of Poniec in order to break down the dominance of the Teutonic knights in Pomerania. Duke of Inowrocław, Kujavien and Brest, Lord of Regality of Bydgoszcz, Gniewkowo and many others. Supreeme commander of Polish army in Prussia. Count of Tuchola adn Brodnica. The last from main line of the Kujavian Stibor dynasty.
Nikolaus Kreza of Zawady
From 1486 owner of legengary Bobolice stronghold that remained in the hands of the family until year 1625.
Knights and heroes
Kacper Karliński (–1590) - the Hero of Olsztyn, Lord of Regality of Olsztyn 1563–1587, widely known for heroic defence of the Town year 1587.
The Princes Szyszkowski of Ostoja
Marcin Szyszkowski (1554–1630)
Bishop of Kraków, Prins of Siewierz - second in dignity in the Commonwealth after the King, as Prince of Siewierz he served the Pope and as Bishop of Krakow he served Poland. One of the most powerful persons at that time in the Commonwealth.
Mikołaj Szyszkowski (1590–1643)
Biskop and prins of Warmia (Ermland).
Kazimierz Siemienowicz (1600–1651)
General of artilery, engineer. Know in Europe for Artis Magnae Artilleriae that during 200 years was used as manual in all of the Europe.
Major General of Royal army 1664
Elisabeth Słuszka (1619–1671)
Origin from one of the greatest and wealthiest families of Lithuania, most powerfull and richest woman in the Commonwealth, one of the most powerful women in Europe then and in the history. One of the reasons of the Polsih-Swedish war commonly named "Potop" - the Deluge.
Josef Bogusław Sluszka (1652–1701)
Hetman, castellan av Troki och Vilnius.
Florian Hrebnicki (1684–1762)
Archbishop of Polotsk.
General of the Kościuszko forces in Sandomierz.
Franciszek Ksawery Ścibor-Bogusławski (1713–1796) - Rittmeister of Bar-konfederationen and Michał Ostaszewski (1720–1816) that Organized the Bar-konfederationen in Lower Carpathian region.
Generals of Royal Army in the partition of Commonwealth
Tadeusz Błociszewski (–1803) and Antoni Baranowski (1760–1821) - Major Generals of Royal Army during the partition of the Commonwealth
Ignacy Ścibor Marchocki (1755–1827)
Creator of independent Minkowce country
Stanisław Ścibor-Bogusławski - major w 13 pułku piechoty liniowej podczas powstania listopadowego. Odznaczony Krzyżem Kawalerskim Orderu Virtuti Militari
Jan Czeczot (1796–1847)
Famouse poet and etnograph in Belarus
Kacper Kotkowski (1814–1875)
The Priest that organized the Uprising in Sandomierz against Russian Empire.
Professors of Jagiellonian University
Maciej Józef Brodowicz (1790-1885)
Władysław Chotkowski (1843–1926)
Professor and master of Jagellonian University
Tadeusz Ostaszewski (1918–2003)
Professor of art in Jagellonien University in Krakow
Major of Polish Uprising army - participated in November Uprising and in Great Poland Uprising. Received the Gold Cross of Virtuti Militari. All three son's of Błociszewski took part in the January Uprising year 1863. Read more - Czytaj więcej
Ladies of Ostaszewski family during Uprisings
Bishop of Przemyśl and professor in University of Lviv. Read more - Czytaj więcej
Mieczysław Karłowicz (1876–1909)
Composer and dirigent
Zygmunt Czechowicz (1831–1907)
Initiated general strike and national Uprising in Belarus.
Witold Ścibor-Rylski (1871-1926)
Army General that fought for the independence of Poland.
Włodzimierz Zagórski (1882–1927)
General of Polishh Airforces
Adam Ostaszewski (1860–1934)
Widely known as Leonardo from Wzdow, inventor
Katyn - generals of Ostoja
Bronisław Bohatyrewicz (1870–1940) - military commander and a general of the Polish Army. Murdered in Katyn. Bohatyrewicz was one of the two Generals whose bodies were identified during the 1943 exhumation. Kazimierz Suchcicki of Ostoja (1882-1940) was also general that died in Katyn same year. Read more - Czytaj więcej
Słoński brothers during WW2
Bracia Słońscy - Słoński brothers, officers of RAF (Royal Airforce). Three brothers that all where shot down and killed during WW2 in service for Poland and fridom.
Uniechowski systers during WW2
Karola Uniechowska(1904–1955) - volontare, medicine doctor during WW2, participated in the Battle of Monte Cassino and her syster Zofia Uniechowska (1909–1993) - received order of Virtuti Militari for conspiration agains nazi goverment in Poland.
Master spy during WW2 under the pseudonim Marie Springer, her work led to localisation of German battleship Tirpitz.
Adam Hrebnicki-Doktorowicz (1857–1941)
Professor and scienties for development of agriculture.
Casimir Zagorski (1883–1944)
Pioneer and photographer, widely known in the world for exceptional documentation of lost african tribes.
Zygmund Ignacy Rylski (1898-1945)
Legendary Major Hańcza
Wacław Krzywiec (1908–1956)
Legendary Commander of legendary battleship ORP Błyskawica
Maxym Rylski, (1895–1969)
Widely known poet in Ukraina, loved by the people, national monuments in Kiev.
Bronisław Hełczyński (1890–1978)
Professor in Oxford, foreign minister of Polish goverment in exile (London).
Tadeusz Sędzimir (1894–1989)
Widely, worldwide recognized inventor
Joseph Stanislaus Ostoja-Kotkowski (1922–1994)
Famous artist using laster technics. Known worldwide
Adam Kozłowiecki (1911–2007)
Archbishop of Lusaka, Zambia
Warsaw Uprising during WW2
Zbigniew Ścibor Rylski (born 1917) - General, officer of Warsaw Uprising during WW2 and Andrzej Zagórski (1926–2007) that wrote around 250 books about the resistance during WW2, officer in Polsish army (AK)
- Casimir Zagorski - etnografer
- Jan Ulejski - leader of organized Uprisings
- Jerzy Saczkowicz Raczko - distinguished and honorable Knight from Puszyce, judge of Belsk (1514-1533), participated in the campagne against tatars in Kleck 1606 together with Jan Radziwiłł. Sectretary of the King Zygmunt Stary I to the end of 1533.